Slough What? Discovering Famosa Slough

Hi! Have you ever explored a wetland before? Well, today, I would like to share with you a place that you would never expect to be so wonderful-Famosa Slough in Ocean Beach. First off, what is a slough? According to the dictionary, a slough (pronounced slōō)  is a swamp or shallow lake, usually the backwater of a larger body of water with relatively low water circulation.

In other words, we can think of a  slough as a wetland a little farther from the shore compared to, say, a lagoon where the mouth opens to the ocean. Another way to look at is, is that a slough is the part of the estuary where fresh water from creeks and urban runoff mix with the salty ocean water transported by the tides.

Where is the Famosa Slough?

Famosa Slough Google Map

4275-4283 W Point Loma Blvd

The Famosa Slough is located directly south of the San Diego River Flood Control Channel and is 6 miles north of Downtown San Diego in the lovely town of Ocean Beach.

Famosa Slough consists of 37 acres of wetland situated between the San Diego River Channel and the residential neighborhoods surrounding the San Diego Sports Arena.

The channel portion consists of 12 acres, while the southern section in 25 areas.

The primary source of water comes from the Pacific Ocean that travels via the San Diego River Channel through the San Diego River estuary and urban runoff waters from the surrounding neighborhoods.

Famosa Bird Watching

Great Egret Famosa Slough

Famosa Slough is an excellent site to go bird watching! The guide below is free to the public and can be found at a kiosk on site.

 Famosa Bird info back bird listFamosa birds front information

Famosa Slough Hydrology

Famosa Slough Map Close up San Diego River Channel

So let’s now talk about the water circulation pattern.

During high tide, the water flows up the San Diego River Channel through the San Diego Estuary. It is guided toward a group of culvert pipes set up with flaps that allow for the natural flow of water to go underneath West Point Loma Blvd. These flaps also keep trash and other large debris from entering the Famosa Channel. The water will continue to travel thru the channel and eventually ends up in the southern portion of the slough.

When the tide is low, the reverse course is taken. The water in the slough is mixed with the fresh creek water and urban runoff and is circulated back through the Famosa Channel. The water then continues through the pipes under the highway, back into the San Diego Estuary, then extending into the San Diego River Flood Channel, and finally making its way again into the Ocean.

Increased water circulation provides oxygen and nutrients to the plants and animals and cleans the slough of chemical and algae build-ups. Did you know that plants produce a natural biofilter in estuaries? When the water travels through, the plants extract the nitrates and phosphates, which help clean the water, which is one of the many reasons that wetlands are so critical.

 State Marine Conservation Area

The Famosa Slough is a Marine Protected Area. This means that nothing may be taken or removed within its borders except in habitat restoration and dredging projects conducted by the City of San Diego.

Friends of the Famosa Slough

Famosa NE View ocean beach slough
Salt Pond and Salt Panne

There is a wonderful volunteer organization, The Friends of the Famosa Slough, that regularly has parties to go out in the slough and remove trash and non-native plants, as well as hosting nature walks for the public.

Famosa Slough Habitats

Famosa Slough vegetation salt pool Ocean Beach

There are many habitats here at the Famosa Slough, so let’s get to walking and check them all out, shall we?

First, here we are at the starting of the southern end of the slough. Parking is available on the street within the residential neighborhood.

Famosa Slough kiosk southern slough
Here is the starting point for trash pick up and nature walks with the Friends of the Famosa Slough

Salt Pool

Famosa Slough salt water pool Ocean Beach
Do you see the Great Egret?

As we begin our walk, please take note that here we have a salt pool. Do you happen to notice the islands in the middle of the salt pool? Well, there used to be a peninsula that was attached to these islands. But in 2005, the peninsula was removed, thus making the water circulation much more efficient.  Also, these islands provide an excellent habitat for birds to nest on, as they are away from predators.

The salinity in the salt pool will fluctuate throughout the day, especially during a high/low tide day, and not to mention if it is raining. Numerous storm drain outlets empty into here. It is safe to say that the more south you go, the less saline the water. You can notice this by just what plants are present.

Mudflats at the Famosa Slough

mudflat famosa slough ocean beach
It looks as if someone was walking on the mudflat—what a shame.

Mudflats occur when the tide recedes and are prime spots for birds to forage snails and worms and other good things to eat.

Let’s have another look here.

Mudflats Ocean Beach Famosa Slough
Mudflats with spartina (cord-grass) in the foreground.

Do you notice that there is a bit of water on the mudflats? The water still present is a tell-tale sign that the tide is low and will be coming in soon.

Salt Marsh

Famosa slough salt marsh ocean beach

As we travel a bit more south, we see a prime example of a salt marsh habitat. Here we have plants -halophytes that can live in high salinity areas. Plants that are seen here include:

  • alkali heath
  • pickleweed
  • fleshy jaumea
  • Spartina
  • saltwort

Brackish and Freshwater Habitats

Famosa slough trail ocean beach

As we make our way south, freshwater and brackish plants are more prominent.

Why my girls and I were on the trail, we came upon a volunteer picking up trash. He shared with us that they recently opened up the far southern portion to allow for better water circulation, as this spot used to be cut off from the saltmarsh and was strictly freshwater.

Plants that are found here include:

  • alkali heath
  • prairie bulrush
  • spiny rush
  • cattails
  • pickleweed

Salt Panne

Salt Pnnnes southern famosa slough

As we make our way more south, we come up with salt pannes- depressions in the ground, devoid of vegetation due to the high concentration of salts surrounding the area.  Seeing that we are here on a summer day, I can only imagine that there would be a fair amount of water in the winter after a storm.

Willow Scrub and Disturbed Riparian Habitats

slough pathway famosa slough ocean beach

We had such a good time walking these trails up above the slough. With all of the birds singing, sometimes you forget that you are actually in a residential neighborhood.

residential trail famosa slough ocean beach CA

Willow Scrub Famosa Slough

A riparian zone is characterized by the interface relationship between hydrophilic plants and a water source. A hydrophilic plant is one in which its root system can emerge in water. Here at the slough, the riparian zone is disturbed due to all of the urban development. It is important to mention that non-native plants love disturbed areas.

Some of the plants seen in this area include:

  • black willows
  • Brazilian pepper
  • mule fat
  • wild oat

Most Southern Section of Famosa Slough

Famosa path residential neighborhood fence
Looking south

nature path famosa slough

Here is where the most southern area of the slough and the riparian zone starts.  Furthermore, back in 2000, the City of San Diego created three water treatment ponds over here to pick up all of the trash, sediments, and pollutants that come down with the street-runoff water.

Since implementation, a third of an acre of new wetlands have been created, and the water quality of the Famosa Slough has improved considerably. Such great news!

Time to Go, Already?

In closing, I am so pleased that my girls and I stopped here and took a short hike. I especially like that there are benches spread out along the trail. What a fabulous place to come and birdwatch!

I find it so unique whenever I am walking around a wetland. I try to imagine what it was like here 100 years ago. The Famosa Slough is the last of the original wetlands connected to Mission Bay. I am so pleased that some wish to keep Famosa Slough as pristine as possible-thank you, Friends of Famosa Slough!

And isn’t it great that you can go to one location and find so many habitats? The salt pools, salt pannes, salt marsh, brackish/freshwater marsh, disturbed riparian, and Willow Scrub let us not forget the mudflats. It is so much fun to watch the birds on the mudflats!

Please have a look at the video that I made to commemorate the day! I look forward to coming back here in the winter to go bird watching. I would also love to compare the winter water levels and come back to check out the channel portion compared to the summer water levels. Maybe even explore the San Diego River Estuary to get a look at those culvert pipes. Oh, just one more thing to do!

Thank you so much for making it this far! Please feel free to leave any questions or comments below!



4 Replies to “Slough What? Discovering Famosa Slough”

  1. Wow!  I am so amazed that one area can have so many unique niches in it!  I think the bird and plant life alone would be worth the trip.  Then you mentioned the trees that can be seen along the riparian zone and I was hooked…I love willow trees and black willows are one of my favorites! This place looks so beautiful and I can’t wait for my next California vacation to include this area!


    1. Thank you for taking the time to comment! Yes, there really is a lot to see here and not many people are even aware of it. I mean I lived in the area for over 30 years and this was the first time that I got out of the car to explore, I can’t wait to come back in the winter after a big storm to see what the water levels will look like, not to mention all of the birds hanging out on the islands.Have fun on your next vacation!!

  2. The time for that winter visit is now. Famosa Slough has a large number of wintering migratory birds. Yesterday’s highlight was about 100 avocets actively foraging as well as many of other species. I did not recognize any of the Famosa Channel in your video. It is on the north side of West Point Loma Boulevard. It provides very different wetland views and often different species of birds as well.

    1. Thank you so much for taking the time to comment Jim! I have visited the north channel a few months after this initial post and was very glad that I did. I will need to update. I am looking forward to visiting again within the next few weeks.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *