Experience San Diego Whale Watching

It is that time of year again! California’s official state marine mammal, the California Gray whale, is starting its way down South!  Generally speaking, this is the best time for San Diego whale watching.

San Diego Whale Watching

Whales pass through San Diego year round but prefer to stay more than five miles offshore.  Gray whales, on the other hand,  tend to keep close to the shore when traveling South; as a result, this is a great time to see them from onshore.

Let us now take a look at a few fascinating facts about the Gray whale; also, I have also included a summary of some other possible whales you are most likely to encounter while on a San Diego whale watching tour


The Eastern North Pacific Gray Whale

San Diego Whale Watching

First off, newborn gray whales are 14 feet (4.2 meters) long and grow up to 43-49 feet long (13-15 meters), and weigh up to 40 tons (32 metric tons).

Gray whale breaching San Diego Whale Watching
Credit- Merrill Gosho, NOAA

Here is a video that I found that gives an excellent overview of the eastern North Pacific gray whale.

Two Different Populations of Gray Whales

The North Pacific gray whales have two distinct isolated populations: the Eastern stock and the Western stock. Whales along the west coast of North America belong to the eastern North Pacific stock.

While, whales located along the coast of eastern Asia, belong to Western North Pacific otherwise known as the “Korean” stock.

Eastern North Pacific Gray Whale Migration Route
Eastern Gray Whale Migration Map

Every year, beginning in October to February, over 26,000 eastern North Pacific gray whales make their annual migration down the coast of North America.

The whales leave their summer feeding grounds in the Bering Sea and make way down South to the warm lagoons of Baja California (Mexico) to give birth to their calves.

The video below is an example of mother and baby interacting with whale watching boats in the San Ignacio Lagoon (Baja, California), Mexico.

Northern Migration of the Gray Whale

Between January to June, the whales start back North to their feeding grounds once again.  Furthermore, the mothers and babies are the last to leave the lagoons, as the babies need to get all of their strength ready for the long journey back.

Because of San Diego’s location being relatively close to their birthing grounds, you can expect to see both south and north migration until April. To clarify, when the whales are traveling north, they tend to stay 9 to 12 miles offshore, compared to less than 3 miles when going south.

Fun Fact-Upon further investigation, there is a resident population that remains off the coast of Canada down to California in the summer months and does not return to the Alaskan waters.

How Do Gray Whales Feed?

Gray whales are benthic bottom feeders with a unique way of feeding.  The process first begins with turning to the right side and opening their mouths.

The whales proceed to scoop up the sediment off the bottom and in the final step, the baleen (a filter system in their mouths), at last strains the sediment.

Gray Whale Baleen Vertebra Cabrillo Tidepools
An example of Gray Whale vertebra and baleen seen at the Cabrillo National Monument tidepools

The Gray whale has over 300 plates of cream colored baleen to help with this straining. This unique eating habit makes this whale dependent on the continental shelf and coastal waters.

An interesting fact I found, is older adults eventually lose the sight in their right eye due to this.

Distinctive Gray Whale Characteristics

Gray Whales San Diego Whale Watching
Credit-Visionsofthewild.com

What are those white patches all over their bodies?

Those are barnacles with lice attached, and in fact, can weigh up to 400 pounds!

The barnacles are along for the ride; while the lice, on the other hand, are the real parasite here as they can cause damage to the whale’s skin. (1)

As a remedy for this, the gray whales go down to the bottom and scrape themselves on the rocks to help get rid of these parasites.

Fun Fact- I was working out on a half-day fishing boat and noticed that there was this weird material in all the fishes mouths. I later found out from a deck hand, that what I was seeing was Gray whale dandruff!  Twenty years after and I still have it preserved in a baby food jar.

Gray Whales Have a Heart-Shaped Spout And a Dorsal Ridge

Like all other baleen whales, the gray whale has two blowholes. Due to the positioning, the whale’s spout is more compact, closer to the water and has a heart shape appearance compared to other baleen whales.

I find this feature alone, makes the whale easier to spot when you are looking out onto the ocean from onshore.

Gray Whale Heart Shaped Spout
Gray Whale is blowing with calf by its side.
Credit- Dr. Steven Swartz

Gray whales do not have a dorsal fin (2). Instead, their back has a low hump with 6 to 12 dorsal bumps (knuckles) on the midline of its rear section, leading down to its flukes; in other words,  a dorsal ridge.

 Take a look at the photo above, and you can make out the babies dorsal ridge left of its Mother’s heart shape spout.


Other Baleen Whales to See on a San Diego Whale Watching Tour

San Diego Whale Watching

Several whales pass our shores throughout the year; including, but not limited to, the Blue, Fin and Humpback whales.

Blue Whale

Blue Whale san diego whale watching
Credit- Greatbluemarble

The Blue whale is the most massive creature to have ever lived. They can grow up to 85 feet (26 meters) long and weigh in at over 200 tons (181 metric tons.) They pass by San Diego from mid-June to September.

You can tell this whale apart from other whales by its flat U-shaped head and a noticeable ridge that goes from its blowhole to the top of the upper lip. It is also important to note that you can only see its dorsal fin when it is about to dive.

Blue Whale Spout san diego whale watching
Blue whale spout. Do you notice the ridge from the blowhole to the upper lip?

Did you know that a Blue Whale’s spout is over 30 feet tall? Because of this, you can see this spout from miles away.

Fun Fact- I had an extremely memorable moment where I witnessed over 10 Blue whales, less than half of a mile offshore of the La Jolla kelp beds. I was working on a 1/2 day fishing boat, when all of the sudden there were spouts everywhere!

As a result, I was running all around the boat in total awe, as several of them came extra close to the boat. It was unbelievable to see creatures as big as the 85-foot fishing vessel swimming so gracefully.  I will never forget that day!

Here is a short video that I took off the coast of Orange County on July 9, 2018.


 


Fin Whale

Fin Whale san diego whale watching
Note how tall the Fin whales’ spout is. Credit-Wikimedia Commons

The  Fin whale is the second largest whale measuring up to 75 feet (23 meters) and weighing up to 80 tons (72 metric tons).

They look similar to a blue whale but more narrow with a prominent dorsal fin, long back, and a tall spout.

Fin whales are speedy swimmers; clocking in speeds of over 23 miles per hour. In fact, because of their speed, they have been described as the “greyhound of the sea.”

Humpback Whale

Humpback Whale San Diego whale watching
Credit- Wikipedia

The Humpback whale can get up to 52 feet long (15.8 meters) and weight up to 40 tons (36 metric tons).  Long flippers, as well as, the knobs and nodules on their heads are distinct to Humpback whales.

You may witness this magnificent creature off the coast of San Diego from mid-June to September.

Humpback whale spout San Diego whale watching
Humpback whale spout.
Credit- Andrew E. Russel

 Four Types of Dolphins You May Encounter on a San Diego Whale Watching Tour

San Diego Whale Watching

Whales are not the only thing to see on a San Diego whale watching tour. Equally important, there are four different dolphins that you may witness as well.

The Common Bottlenose Dolphin

Common Bottlenose Dolphin San Diego Whale Watching
Credit- Wikimedia Commons

Bottlenose dolphins live in all temperate and tropical waters worldwide. They are dark to light gray with a lighter colored belly. Their lengths reach between 8-12 feet (2.4-3.6 meters) and weigh up to 1430 pounds (648 kilograms).

There are two types of groups: offshore and coastal. The pelagic species of bottlenose dolphin are darker, larger and have smaller pectoral fins; compared to the coastal dolphins which are lighter, smaller and have larger pectoral fins.

The coastal bottlenose dolphins range from Southern California down to Chile.

It is not uncommon for bottlenose dolphins to enter San Diego Bay and Mission Bay from time to time or to see them passing by at the beach.

Pacific Bottlenose Dolphins
Pacific bottlenose dolphins-do you notice how close to shore they are?

Common Dolphin

Common Dolphins San Diego Whale Watching
Credit- Wikipedia Commons

The Common dolphin is gray with a white belly and distinctive tan and light gray markings on each side. They are smaller, measuring between 7.5-8.5 feet (2.3-2.6 meters), and weighing up to 300 pounds (136 kilograms).

There are two types of Common dolphin: short-beaked and long-beaked. The short-beaked variety has a rounder forehead (melon) compared to the flatter forehead (melon) of the long-beaked species.

The long-beaked common dolphin is the species that live in the shallow, coastal waters of Southern California. Also, they are incredibly social and live in large pods (sometimes over 1000.)

Here is another short video that I took off the coast of Orange County, about 5 miles north of the San Diego County border of the short-beaked common dolphin.


 


Pacific White-Sided Dolphin

Pacific White Sided Dolphins San Diego Whale Watching
Credit- Wikimedia Commons-NOAA.jpg

The Pacific white-sided dolphin has three colors on its body which consists of black, gray, and white, including a black ring around its eye. They also have a short beak, and a large hooked dorsal fin (bi-colored black and white).

Notably reaching up to 8 feet (2-2.4 meters) and weighing up to 300-441 pounds (150-200 kilograms); also with males being larger than females.

The Pacific white-sided dolphin form groups of 10 to a few hundred and on rare occasions,  herds of thousands! Moreover, you may see them bow riding,   leaping and doing acrobats, as well as forming groups with other groups of dolphins, along with baleen whales and California sea lions.

Risso’s Dolphin

Rissos Dolphin San Diego Whale Watching
Credit- Wikipedia Commons

The Risso’s dolphin is a gray, larger dolphin with white anchor-like marking on its side and stomach. They are between 10-12 feet (3-3.8 meters) and weigh between 650-1100 pounds (300-500 kilograms). The Risso’s dolphin has a round melon (forehead) with no beak.

Why Risso’s Dolphins Look White

There is noticeable scarring all over the body due not only to other Risso’s dolphins scratching their teeth on each other (raking) but also scars from their squid prey’s tentacles and beaks.

As a result, it is prevalent for older adults to be completely white because of this scaring.

These dolphins live in deeper, colder offshore water in groups of 3 to 30, and yet sometimes rarely, they will form temporary crowds of several thousand.

Risso’s dolphins like to spy hop, breach and surf the stern waters of boats.


Pacific Ocean San Diego Whale Watching

San Diego Whale Watching

List of Marine Mammals Seen Off The Southern California Coast and Offshore Waters

While I was in my last year of college, I volunteered with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. I was given the task to research on all of the marine mammals that are seen off the coast of San Diego.

Here is the list I made.

Order Pinnipedia

Family Otariidae

  • Stellar’s Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubata)
  • California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)
  • Guadalupe Sea Lion (Arctocephalus townsendi)
  • Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus)

Family Phocidae

  • Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina)
  • Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris)

Order Cetacea

Family Balaenidae-Baleen Whales

  • Right Whale (Balaena glacialis)

Family Eschrichtiidae

  • Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus)

Family Balaenopteridae

  • Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
  • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
  • Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis)
  • Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata)
  • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)

Suborder Odontoceti- Toothed Whales

Family Physeteridae

  • Sperm Whale (Physeter catodon)
  • Pygmy Sperm Whale (Kogia breviceps)
  • Dwarf Sperm Whale (Kogia simus)

Family Ziphiidae

  • Baird’s Beaked Whale (Berardius bardii)
  • Cuvier’s Beaked Whale (Ziphius cariorostris)
Genus Mesoplodon
  • Hubb’s Beaked Whale (M. carlhubbsi)
  • Stejneger’s Beaked Whale ( M. stejnegeri)
  • Ginko Toothed Beaked Whale (M. ginkgodens)
  • Hector’s Beaked Whale (M. hectori)

Family Delphinidae

  • Killer Whale (Orcinus orca)
  • False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassodens)
  • Short-finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus)
  • Rough-toothed Dolphin (Steno bredanensis)
  • Pacific White-sided Dolphin ( Lagenorhynchus obliquidens)
  • Common Dolphin ( Delphinus delphis)
  • Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
  • Risso’s Dolphin (Grampus griseus)
  • Northern Right Whale Dolphin (Lissodelphis borealis)

 Whale Watching in San Diego All Year Round  

San Diego Whale Watching

Whale Watching Boat New Seaforth Fishing Vessel

I hoped you enjoyed learning a bit about what whales you may encounter while on a San Diego whale watching tour. As I pointed out before, there is a possibility to see whales year round here.

 Keep in mind that the San Diego whale watching season gets popular when the Pacific gray whales are around.

With this in mind,  please check back later, as I will be posting all possible whale watching tours available here in San Diego along with a few high spots onshore where you can watch these whales pass on land.

Thanks again, and please post any comments or questions you may have together with any San Diego whale watching photos, I would genuinely love to see them!

Happy San Diego whale watching!

 

(1) Gray Whales Are More Heavily Infested With A Greater … (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.learner.org/jnorth/tm/gwhale/Hitchhikers.html

(2) Knuckles | Gray Whales Do Not Have A Dorsal Fin But Have … (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/122902197@N03/333648668


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San Diego Whale Watching Tour

 

12 Replies to “Experience San Diego Whale Watching”

  1. Wow! This article is awesome! Lots of useful and helpful information. And I love the videos! You must have spent a lot of time searching for them because I find them really good and of high quality.

    I love animals, and whales and dolphins are my favorites. Would love to visit San Diego some day and watch the whales. When I plan to do it, I will visit your site again to read again and prepare for the trip.

    Thank you so much Colleen!

    1. WOW Timotheus, it seems like we have a lot in common! I am planning on doing another article concentrating on all the Whale Watching tours available, as well as great places to see the whale from onshore. Thank you so much for your comments!

  2. They are incredible creatures. I have yet to do a whale watching boat ride. My hubby thinks it’s not worth it, but I will change his mind sooner or later.

    Whats the prices on the boats to go whale watching? Do they have deals?

    1. Thank you for visiting Charlotte! I love to go out onto the water, so I think it is worth it. I have been researching Whale Watching Tours and the price range so far has been between 42-85 dollars. My next post is going to cover all the deals I can find. Thanks again!

  3. I want so badly to move to Alaska. My cousin told us about whale watching from the boats up there. I currently live in California but San Diego is a good drive from me and I want to have access to nature constantly. I really love whales and dolphins and hope to one day be able to enjoy them.

  4. Nice article! I am actually planning to move to british columbia where there is a large whale population so this post really got my attention.

    I really was not aware that the way that they eat is so ritualistic where they have to actually flip over to their side to feed. I really enjoyed reading your fun facts it kept me interested in the post.

    -Mike

  5. amazing article! I am actually planning to move to British Columbia where they have a large whale population, so going on a sight seeing tour sounds even more exciting. I really enjoyed all your fun facts throughout the post, it kept me very interested 🙂

    1. Thank you for your comment, Mike! I have always wanted to visit British Columbia, especially Vancouver Island to see the resident Killer Whale populations. Thank you again for you kind remarks.

  6. Great article! I have learned so many different whales and dolphins. I had no ideas there are so many different kind of dolphin, I used to think there is only one kid. I have never been to whale watching. My husband and I both love nature and animals, will definitely have to check this place out. Thank you for the amazing information. Now I have a new place to visit.

    1. Hi Hong!I am so happy that you enjoyed it! Yes, there are many types of dolphins, it is only the Bottlenose that most are familiar with. I hope that you and your husband get down here sometime to see them for yourselves. Thank you again!

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